While your favorite summer shirt or dress might look and feel like a natural fabric such as silk or cotton, most clothes now contain synthetic fibers that provide their own set of unique properties.
Just take rayon for example!
In this guide, we’ll take a closer look at six of the most effective methods of stretching rayon, as well as all the information you need to know about the delicate fabric.
Moreover, we’ll also look to answer a few of the frequently asked questions.
What Is Rayon Fabric?
Rayon fabric is made from either residual cellulose from cotton manufacture or spruce, pine, and hemlock tree wood pulp.
A complicated chemical procedure transforms all-natural cellulose into semi-synthetic fibers.
The bulk of rayon fabrics have a light, almost silky texture to them. The material’s individual fibers have the ability to absorb moisture, allowing the cloth to stretch when wet.
A rayon shirt or dress will drape attractively on your body, but it will not fit as snugly against your curves or muscles as spandex does.
This is why many manufacturers add a little quantity of spandex to ordinary rayon to give the cloth more flexibility.
Despite the fact that the creation of rayon involves a variety of chemicals, equipment, and might take many days, it is still much less expensive than the production of an all-natural fabric such as silk.
With this in mind, it’s no surprise that rayon fabric is such a popular everyday replacement for silk.
Three of the most common varieties of rayon used in apparel now are listed below.
Viscose – This type of rayon is utilized in blouses, dresses, and silky clothes because it mimics the luster and drape of silk.
Despite being the most widely used rayon, viscose stretches and shrinks more than any other form of rayon.
Modal is the most expensive variety of rayon, but it is very soft. As a result, it’s ideal for clothing and underwear.
Many companies mix modal with cotton or spandex to make a fabric that is both tougher and more elastic than modal alone.
Lyocell – This rayon has a comparable feel to cotton and can absorb moisture better than any other type of rayon.
Lyocell uses cellulose from beech trees most of the time, but the fabric goes through a more environmentally friendly chemical process.
Most rayon textiles have a tightly woven S-and-Z-twist weave that looks a lot like chiffon. The fabric is also available in simple weaves and smooth, satin weaves.
Furthermore, rayon knits have an inherent elasticity due to the entwined loops of thread rather than crisscrossing threads found in this type of rayon.
Sweaters and cardigans are the best garments to wear with this weave.
Is Rayon Stretchy?
The short answer is no, rayon isn’t usually stretchable.
This is due to the lack of elasticity in the fabric’s fibers, which means that the vast majority of rayon threads are unable to extend vertically or horizontally.
Despite this, rayon fabric containing spandex can often become stretchable. Knit rayon, like the great majority of other knits, has a lot more elasticity and will stretch to accommodate your body type.
It’s also worth remembering that rayon is extremely heat and moisture sensitive.
The fibers of rayon, unlike many other synthetic fibers, have the ability to absorb moisture and expand when coupled with water.
Best Methods Of Stretching Rayon
If for any reason you shrink your favorite rayon dress, the good news is that you’ll probably be able to stretch it back out.
This is due to the fabric’s absorbent properties which allow you to stretch the material while it’s wet.
Just be mindful that it’s important to carefully read the manufacturer’s label before starting the stretching process.
This is because some manufacturers only recommend dry-cleaning rayon.
Therefore, unless you’ve already reached a point of no return, always follow the instructions on the manufacturer’s label for safe stretching.
Soak & Wear
Soaking and wearing rayon clothes is one of the simplest ways to stretch it back into its ideal form. This easy technique also works on fabric shoes that are a touch too tight.
Find a large bucket and fill it with warm water to utilize this stretching method. Then, submerge your rayon garment in the water for around five minutes.
After you’ve soaked the garment, shake off the excess water and roll it in a towel to squeeze out the residual moisture.
Put the item of clothing on, gently tugging on the fabric until it fits properly, and then wear it until it dries completely.
Use Baby Shampoo
We’ll take a deeper look at utilizing baby shampoo in the next technique.
This works because rayon reacts well to heat and moisture, making it soft and pliable enough to be stretched back into form.
Pour one or two quarts of warm water into a bucket, making sure you have enough to cover your garments comfortably.
Then, for each quart of water, pour in one spoonful of baby shampoo.
Submerge your rayon apparel in a pail of warm, soapy water and soak it for five minutes. Remove the item of clothing and rinse it completely under cool water after the five minutes have gone.
To dry your clothes safely, roll them snugly within a towel to absorb the moisture without causing damage to the fabric.
Then, unfold the towel and lay your rayon clothing on a level and stable surface to its full length.
Gently tug on the opposing sides of the garment until it begins to expand to complete the stretching procedure.
It’s worth noting that you may need to keep tugging on the fabric until it’s completely dry in order to ensure that it’s stretched out for good.
Work In Some Hair Conditioner
Hair conditioner can be used to unshrink rayon garments in the same way as the previous stretching approach.
This is because hair conditioner contains a variety of unique oils and humectants that help straighten and smooth hair.
While hair conditioner is known for its particular impact on hair, it may also relax the fibers in a wide range of fabrics (including rayon), allowing them to recover to their pre-shrunken state.
Fill a bucket halfway with lukewarm water and a tablespoon of hair conditioner to utilize this approach.
Submerge the rayon garment in the mixture and swish it around for a few minutes to ensure that both the water and the conditioner are well absorbed.
Following this, rinse the piece of clothing with cool running water, before rolling it up inside a dry towel to squeeze out most of the water (similar to the drying method used in both 1 & 2).
Then, spread out your damp garment on a flat surface and gently pull the opposite sides of the dress or shirt. For the best results, repeat this step until the garment is completely dry.
Use A Steam Iron
If you want to stretch your rayon clothing, but don’t want the same amount of mess as the soaking method, you can consider using a steam iron instead.
Just keep in mind that most care tags inside rayon clothing often advise against using a steam iron.
This is because, most of the time, it shouldn’t be your first port of call – even on the lowest heat setting.
To use a steam iron to stretch your shrunken garment, start by filling a spray bottle with warm water and spraying the entire surface.
Then, turn your iron on, but make sure it’s on the lowest possible heat setting.
As you move the iron over your garment, it’s a good idea to use the steam feature as this makes the fibers of the fabric both damp and pliable.
After using the iron, unplug it, and then use your hands to shape the garment into your desired size.
Try A Steamer
It’s worth noting that this stretching method is a little riskier compared to the others due to the fact the high heat can cause rayon to stretch even further.
Despite this risk, the moisture produced by a steamer enables the rayon fibers to become pliable and easier to stretch back into shape.
Start by following the same steps explained in either 2 or 3, and allow your piece of rayon clothing to partially air dry.
Next, hang the damp garment on a clothes hanger or something similar (a shower rail is another popular choice).
Just be mindful that you’ll need an electrical outlet for your steamer.
Plug in the steamer and give it a few minutes to heat up. Once steam starts emerging from the mozzle, start running the steamer up and down the front and back of your piece of clothing.
Finally, put the steamer down safely and then use your hands to gently tug the garment into your desired shape and size.
This is best achieved while the clothing remains warm and slightly damp from the steam.
The final stretching method we’ll take a closer look at is the use of clothespins.
This hands-off approach is super simple and effective, but does rely on you finding plastic clothespins that won’t snag on the rayon fabric.
If you’re unable to find suitable clothespins, you can alternatively use smooth weights that serve the same purpose and hold the fabric firmly in place.
To use this stretching method, follow the same first few steps as the baby shampoo method as you’ll need your rayon garment to be damp for the clothespins to be effective.
After washing and partially drying your item of clothing, smooth it out on an ironing board and use a couple of clothespins to attach one side of the garment to the edge of the board.
Then, pull your rayon clothing taut and pin the opposite edges of the garment to the other side of the ironing board.
Make sure the piece of clothing is completely dry before unpinning.
What About Rayon Sweaters?
The vast majority of rayon sweaters tend to use knit fabric instead of woven fabric.
This is because the knitted threads of the material loop together, providing the fabric of the sweater with a greater amount of stretch and flexibility.
However, if you accidentally shrink your favorite rayon sweater, there are a few ways you can rectify the problem.
For example, the baby shampoo method is effective – just make sure you avoid over-stretching the fabric.
Another effective stretching technique for rayon sweaters is to soak them in warm water and then leave to drip dry on a firm and sturdy hanger.
This is beneficial because the water pulls on the fabric as it drips down, stretching the material out.
Frequently Asked Questions
Are Rayon Jeans Stretchy?
Most jeans that contain rayon are usually pretty good when it comes to stretching. That being said, almost all these jeans also contain cotton and spandex.
This begs the question, what’s the point of rayon in jeans?
Rayon is important in jeans because it provides them with a good amount of sturdiness, preventing the fabric from stretching too much over time.
Cotton can often become saggy after lots of wear, so the tough and durable properties of rayon can slow this process down.
What Are The Main Advantages Of Rayon?
There are a wide number of advantages to using rayon.
For example, it’s typically used in place of cotton because it has the same feel and appearance as cotton but is much more durable, wrinkle-resistant and stain resistant.
In addition, it can also be dyed or printed just like regular fabric.
However, it doesn’t have natural elasticity, so you’ll need to use an elasticizer with rayon if you want your garment to stretch.
What Are The Main Disadvantages Of Rayon?
The main disadvantage of rayon is that it tends to shrink over time. This means that you may need to add extra length when washing your clothes.
Another significant weakness of rayon is the fact that it has weak abrasion resistance.
This is mainly due to the poor elasticity of the fibers which increase the likelihood of damage.
How Stretchy Is Rayon Compared To Cotton, Nylon, And Polyester?
When comparing all four materials, cotton is the one which stretches most because it’s made from natural fiber.
Nylon has a small amount of absorbency and can stretch more than rayon and polyester.
Neither polyester nor rayon are able to stretch much on their own, although the introduction of outside forces such as heat can give them the opportunity to stretch in certain circumstances.
This is why many manufacturers often blend a small amount of spandex with synthetic fabrics such as polyester and rayon to provide them with some added elasticity.
Does Rayon Shrink In The Wash?
Yes, rayon can shrink in both the washing machine and in the dryer.
In addition to shrinking, the fabric can also lose some of its shape – especially in the washing machine on a high heat.
This is mainly due to the agitation that the washing machine can cause to the rayon garments during both the rinse and spin cycles.
Can Rayon Stretch With Wear?
No, rayon fabric doesn’t stretch with wear. So, if you buy some rayon clothing that’s slightly too small and hope that it’ll expand to fit your shape over time, this isn’t going to happen.
Lots of other fabrics such as cotton can often soften and stretch over time, but this isn’t the case with rayon.
Despite this, the good thing with rayon is that the fabric won’t fade or get loose over time.
The only exception to this is if you constantly expose the fabric to moisture and heat. Therefore, following the proper care procedures is vitally important.
How Should Rayon Be Washed?
Rayon should be machine-washed at 40 °C (104 °F) on a gentle cycle. You can also handwash rayon garments in warm water.
However, if you choose to handwash your clothing, just be sure to remove any added elastics before doing so.
Does 100% Rayon Have Any Stretch?
No, 100% rayon doesn’t provide any stretch whatsoever.
This is because the fabric comes from wood pulp and doesn’t have the ability to recoil and expand like other materials such as spandex.
Despite rayon’s lack of elasticity, the fabric is suitable for most form-fitting clothing.
For example, you could wear a loose rayon shirt or dress, and it would still cling firmly to your body.
Is Viscose Fabric Stretchy?
Viscose is made from cellulose, which is similar to rayon. Furthermore, like rayon, viscose also has very good durability and is easy to dye.
However, while both fabrics will take on some shape after being washed, neither return to their original size.
So, despite the bit of stretch you can get out of them, neither viscose nor rayon behave like traditional elastic materials.
Does Rayon Fray When Cut?
If you’re sewing with rayon fabric, it might be a good idea to use a 2 mm stitch rather than the more common 2.5 mm one.
This is mainly due to the fact that rayon can fray relatively easily when cut, so the smaller stitch can prevent any fraying going beyond the seam line.
The Bottom Line
To conclude, rayon isn’t a stretchy fabric, unless it’s exposed to either heat or moisture.
This is why rayon is often combined with other materials such as spandex to provide certain garments with added elasticity.
Hopefully, after reading the information in this guide, you’ll be in a much better position to know the best and safest methods of stretching rayon at home. Good luck!